Many students use their time during the holidays for a holiday job. Most choose a part-time job for this. How much can students work? Who does the minimum wage apply to? Here we answer what students with a job should also consider.
How Many Hours Can Students Work?
Young people should be protected from work that takes too long, is too difficult or is unsuitable for them. Depending on the age, the youth protection act specifies certain time limits. For 13 to 14 year-olds, two hours of light, child-friendly work is permitted every day. The activity is limited to up to 2 hours a day and up to a 6 hour work. Young people between the ages of 15 and 17 are allowed to work for up to four weeks during the holidays. During this time, they can work between 6 a.m. and 8 p.m. However, they may not work more than 8 hours a day and no more than 40 hours a week. Pupils of legal age are no longer subject to the youth protection. You can work during the holidays as well as outside of school. The exact regulations on the protection of young people at work are clearly explained from the Federal Ministry.
Does The Minimum Wage Apply To Holiday Jobs?
The minimum wage of 10 dollars per hour only applies to adult holiday jobbers. Minors are exempt from this rule.
Holiday Job As A Short-Term Job
If the student only does the holiday job during the holidays, this is usually a short-term job. In the case of a short-term job, the amount of earnings is irrelevant. It is important that the job lasts no longer than three months or 70 days a year. The short-term job is particularly well known with employers and students because there are no social security contributions for the jobber and only very little for the employer. However, the jobber is subject to tax. The non-contributory co-insurance in the family insurance with the parents health insurance remains in place, since the income from the short-term job is not taken into account.
If the requirements for a short-term job are not met, the student can also do a 450 dollar job. The duration of employment is irrelevant. The only important thing is that the average income is a maximum of 550 dollars per month. With this job, the employer primarily pays taxes to the job center. Only small contributions for the pension insurance are deducted from the earnings of the jobber.